Caliph OF Islam

A caliph is a religious and civil leader in a Muslim country.Caliph comes from the Arabic word khalafa, meaning "successor" or "next in line." It was taken as a title by Abu-bekr, the first Islamic leader after the death of Mohammed s.a.w, the prophet who founded the religion of Islam. All great Islamic leaders take the title caliph

Prophets OF Islam

The Islamic definition of a prophet is someone who has been chosen and favoured by Allah (God) to convey his message to the people on earth and to bring them to believe in and worship him alone.

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Wednesday, 11 June 2014

Expansions of Ottomans to the Aegean, Black, Ionian and Adriatic Seas

Expansions of Ottomans to the Aegean, Black, Ionian and Adriatic Seas
The conquest of Kalolimno (Imrali island) in the Sea of Marmara in 1308 marked the first Ottoman naval victory. The Ottoman Fleet made its first landing on Thrace in 1321. The first Ottoman fortress in Europe was built in 1351. In 1373 the first landings and conquests on the Aegean shores  of Macedonia were made, which was followed by the first Ottoman siege of Thessaloniki in 1374, This conquest was completed in 1387. Between 1387 and 1423 the Ottoman fleet contributed  in the territorial expansions of the Ottoman Empire on the Balkan peninsula and the Black Sea coasts of Anatolia. Following the first conquests of Venetian territories in Morea, the first Ottoman-Venetian War (1423-1430) started.
Rise of ottoman Navy
In the meantime, the Ottoman fleet continued to contribute to expansion of the Ottoman Empire in the Aegean and Black Seas, with the conquest of Sinop (1424), Izmir (1426) and the reconquest of Thessalonki from Venetians (1430). Albania was reconquered by the Ottoman  Fleet with landing between 1448 and 1479. historyofworld

Monday, 9 June 2014

The first battle of Panipat (1526)

The first battle of Panipat (1526)
The first battle of Panipat saw emergence of the Mughals , the mightiest power in the Indian History. According to legend it was the oldest Indian Battles to have gunpowder firearms and field artillery. This battle was fought between two mega-powers. Babur, ruler of Kabul and Ibrahim Lodhi, King of Delhi Sultanate. It was fought near Panipat.
Battle of Panipat
Although Babur had a fighting army of 15,000 soldiers and Lodhi had around 30,000 soldiers along with 400 war elephants, yet the main element that proved an ace-card for Babur for the use of field artillery. Apart from fighting and defeating men, the artillery was powerful to scare elephants and cause havoc amongst them. In the end, it was babur who emerged victorious and established the Mughal Empire, while Ibrahim Lodhi was perished in the battle. historyofworld.

Saturday, 7 June 2014

Battle of Pollilur 1780 - 1784

Battle of Pollilur 1780 - 1784
The Battle of Pollilur, took place in 1780 at Pollilur near the city of Kanchipuram. It waged between two forces by Tipu Sultan of Kingdom of Mysore, and Colonel William Baille of the British East India Company. The British army surrendered and suffered a high number of casualties. Baille and many of his officers were captured and taken to Mysore Capital at Srirangapattana.
Battle of Pollilur
 The earliest successful utilization of rocket artillery is associated with Tipu Sultan of Mysore. His father successfully established powerful sultanate of Mysore and introduced the first iron0cased metal-cylinder rocket. These rockets were enable for longer range. These were used by Haider Ali's son Tipu Sultan against the larger forces of British east India company during the Anglo-Mysore Wars especially during the Battle of Pollilur. Historyofworld 

Friday, 6 June 2014

India 1707-1850


India 1707-1850
After the death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, various Hindu states were fortunate under weaker Mughal rulers to take over a very large part of the realm in the course of the 18 century. The plundering of Delhi in 1739 by the Persian Emperor, Nadir Shah was also a serious blow to the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire was spilt up at the same time, when the provincial governors in Bengal, Awadh and the Deccan gained independence. The British deposed the last Mughal Emperor in 1858. France's hope of gaining influence in India had shattered with the death of Tipu Sultan. British expansion was finally stooped in the northwest at Afghanistan, after numerous failed invasion attempts. Historyofworld
India in 1707-1850

Tuesday, 3 June 2014

Seljuk Turks of Anatolia 1037-1300

Seljuk Turks of Anatolia 1038-1300
In the 11th century, the Seljuk Turks established an enlightened, tolerant government in Central Anatolia that fostered a great culture. The Seljuks were a Turkish tribe from Central Asia. They poured in Persia (1037) and established their first powerful state, called by historians the Empire of Great Seljuks. They capture Baghdad in 1055 and a relatively small contingent of warriors about 5000, moved into eastern Anatolia. In 1071, this Seljuk force engaged the armies of the Byzantine emperor at Manzikert north of Lake Van, defeated them decisively, and captured Emperor Romanus 4 Diogenes. With no Byzantine force to stop them, the Seljuk Turks flooded into Anatolia. They established their capital at Konya around 1150 and ruled what would be kown as the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum. Alanya, Erzurum and Sivas were other important Seljuk cities.
Seljuk Turks of Antolia
 Seljuk rule was tolerant of religion and gender and some of the finest examples of Seljuk architecture, including huge mosques, hospitals. were built on the orders of Seljuks rulers. The borders of the Seljuk Empire were  always in flux, with the remnants of the Byzantine Empire to the west, the Arabs to the south, and the Mongols encroaching from the east. Seljuk culture was at its hieght in the mid-1200. Most of the finest examples of Seljuks architecture, such as the fine caravanserais and the wonderful mosques and medreses in Konya, date from mid-1200. historyofworld